The Black Horror on the Rhine
Following Germany’s defeat in World War I, they lost their African colonies and the French placed African soldiers in the Rhineland to maintain control. This move sparked a moral panic dubbed the Black Horror on the Rhine, a panic that claimed that Senegalese and African soldiers committed acts of sexual violence against German women in the Rhineland producing children who the press deemed Rheinlandbastarde. These children became ostracized, and Guido Kreutzer, in his 1921 novel Die Schwarze Schmach: Der Roman des geschändeten Deutschlands said the children were “physically and morally degenenerate” and were not German citizens. As well, their mothers ceased to be German due to their relationships with non-white men.
This panic did not go away, and Adolf Hitler employed it in his own propaganda and writing. In Mein Kampf, he linked the Black Horror on the Rhine to the conspiracy theory of a Jewish world order. He wrote, “7,000,000 people languish under alien rule and the main artery of the German people flows through the playground of black African hordes…It was and is the Jews who bring the Negro to the Rhineland, always with the same concealed thought and with the clear goal of destroying by the bastardization of the white race they hate.” Hitler claimed that a Jewish controlled France placed the African troops in the Rhineland and that Jews should be held responsible for bastardizing Aryan blood.
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) hosts History Unfolded, a database for American newspapers, both national and local, from 1933-1945 detailing the Holocaust in contemporary fashion. The site has lesson plans, curated collections focusing on specific events, and much more. You can access History Unfolded at the USHMM's website.
Article below found through History Unfolded. It is Kelly Miller's "Hitler Goes America One Better" in The Indianapolis Recorder on November 30, 1935.
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Whitman, James Q. Hitler's American Model: The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law, 2017. KK4743.W55 2017
P: Language & Literature
Johnson, Mat and Warren Pleece. Incognegro: A Graphic Mystery. 2018. PN6727.J573 I53
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